India is full of rich cultural diversity. Though India is famous for traditional textiles & magnificent workmanship so the craftsmanship is worldwide famous. There are various states having their own diversity and one of them is Toda Embroidery. Tamil Nadu is famous for Toda Embroidery.
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The Southern part of Tamil Nadu is surrounded by beautiful hills of Nilgiri, & within this lives a tribal community Todu. The Todu community is expert in embroidery called Toda which is famous in the world. This style of embroidery in local dialect is also called Pugur, which means flower.
Another beautiful thing about the Toda embroidery is the intricate design done by tribal men and women on shawls. The shawls and fabric adorned with this style of embroidery are called Poothkuli. These particular shawls have red & black stripes alternate at the gap of 6 inches. And generally, the motifs are worked by counting the thread.
People carrying Toda embroidery not only mean they are carrying the fabric but it also symbolizes dignity. Every different function or ritual demands a particular design on the shawl which gracefully compliments the beauty of attire. Usually, the Toda embroidery designs are geometrical in the pattern.
The Style of embroidery is so fine that it looks like weaving. This embroidery is reversible and generally, Todas use the rougher underside of the fabric as the right side. This embroidery is carried from one generation to other generation. The base fabric used for doing this kind of embroidery is cotton.
When it comes to motifs flower is the main philosophy in Toda thinking. Other patterns are of stars, buffalo behavior, emotions, and monsoon rains. he women embroider within these stripes using a single stitch darning needle. The base fabric has a balanced weave structure that allows the women to count and embroider the pattern. Also, no frame is used while threading and the women count the threads on fingers.