Shisha also known as mirror work is one of the best and captivating embroideries of traditional Indian handicrafts. It is often found similar to other textile handicrafts, such as applique, embroidery and tie and dye.
Especially the dry desert sands and sunny areas of India, comprising of parts of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, and Delhi are strong spots for colors shisha work. This is an art form in which mirrors of various shapes are sometimes fixed and sometimes stitched on to the fabric through embroidery.
Mirror work is used various fabrics like georgette, crepe, cotton, silk, chiffon and many more which are actively turn into attractive garments. It has been a style for a long time and also known as “Abhala Bharat” embroidery.
Shisha embroidery started from…
An early form of mirror work was introduced to India during the ruling period of the Mughal Empire. Later Indian artisans quickly excelled at the craft, and over time, motifs changed to reflect the traditional cultures of India.
Shisha work is said to be originated from 17th century India. Like many of India’s intricate handicrafts, the techniques in mirror work were passed down from one generation to another.
“Once when merchant and traveler Marco Polo visited India in the 13th century, he commented that mirror work embroidery from India was more intricate and skillfully crafted than any other that he had seen”
Procedure Of Shisha Embroidery
In India, shisha or mirror is available in different shapes including round, square, triangular or polygonal. And sizes of the mirrors vary from large to tiny. To avoid holes in the mirror it has to be held in place with a framework of stitches over which the decorative stitches are done.
Basically, there are three types of embellishments used I mirror work; Hand blown glass shisha-it comprises the traditional technique of using mica rather than mirrors. Machine cut glass shisha- it’s a modern-day technique which is distinguishable by the silvered backing. Which as result of the chemical process of coating glass with reflective substances.