Meaning of Patola is the queen of silks. Patola sarees are one of the most adorable handicrafts of Gujarat, which is also the finest variety of silk sarees. These sarees are woven with extreme clarity and fineness. The delicate patterns with precise detailing make this handicraft and exclusive piece of art.
History Of Patola Sarees:
The art of this handicraft flourished with the arrivals of Salvi weavers from Karnataka and Maharashtra in Patan. This was under the patronage of royal Solanki Rajputs and affluent people of Gujarat.The royal history dates back to 12th century and also the historical evidence are determined.
The glimpse of this art can also be seen on the wall of some south Indian temples such as Mattancheri (Kerala) and Padmanabhapuram (southern Tamil Nadu). The designs engraved on the walls are directly inspired from the Patola designs.
The evolution of Patola sarees started from the royal era and later it becomes the status symbol. Traditionally crafted by the Hindu Salvi cast this costly and high status oriented Patola sarees were worn by the Vohras and well-off Jains and Hindus. Later on, these sarees becomes an integral part of Indian weddings and also an important part of occasional attire.
Weaving Of Patola Sarees:
Generally, Patola Sarees have the basic motif like animals, flowers, human figures, and birds. But nowadays some of the geometrical patterns are also adopted by the wearers. These patterns are directly inspired from old traditional Muslim architectural designs. And some Ikkat sarees of this handicrafts are embellished with Kundan & Zardosi work.
The most common feature of this fabric is the brocade-like heavy texture. The Pallus or Anchals are beautifully designed and adorned with beautiful colors and textures. Basically, there are two types of Patola sarees; Rajkot Sarees and Patan Patola. They are differentiated on the basis of their prints and patterns.
These sarees are hand woven and no usage of machinery is involved in this. Each and every single motif of the Saree is hand-woven by the artist which makes it look more beautiful and gorgeous