Kolam is a symbol of auspiciousness in Indian culture and tradition. Kolam is also known as Rangoli in many states of India. But the word Kolam is said to be in a local dialect of Tamilnadu The Kolam art is a way of representing and spreading happiness through various colorful designs in many forms. Like colorful colors used in making of this art, this also includes a beautiful history of it.
The decoration is not the only purpose of Kolam Art. In olden days Kolams were drawn from rice flour to feed the ants. The rice powder also invited birds and other small creatures to feed their stomach. Earlier it was also a small gesture of feeding a hungry stomach. With respect to that according to Hindu culture, this is also a symbol of auspiciousness.
According to mythological beliefs, the geometrical patterns & designs applied with rice flour at the entrance to a home invite Goddess Lakshmi into the household. And also drives away the evil spirits. It is mostly a South Indian tradition. Generally, Kolams are applied daily in Pooja room near the Brass Diya & Deepak. There are specific kolams attributed to the various deities.
The Making of Kolam:
Traditionally the process involves, washing of the path in front of the house. Earlier Cow dung was used to clean up the ground but later it vanished. Because nowadays most of the entrance path is now laid in cement or tiles. And then a beautiful design according to the occasion is drawn in a fine and artistic way by the family member itself.
Kolam is generally drawn with the help of dry rice flour or diluted rice paste. In present scenarios finely ground white stone powder is used, because it is easy to apply and easily available also. Sometimes Kavi which is also known as Brick Powder is applied as an outline, especially on special occasions and Pooja days.
It is also said that in Kolam Designs the lines must be completed. As the unbroken lines prevent evil spirits from entering the home. The designs of Kolam art totally depends on the occasion and are made regularly on a damp surface where it can be held for a long time.
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