Mandana Art is one of the oldest tribal art in India which has to withstand with ages. It is basically done in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, by the oldest tribe communities of Meenas. The art was usually done on floors and wall within the surrounding of a house, which implicit as a way to defend the home from evil powers and welcome blessings of God.
“Mandana becomes a grand affair wherein women from the community come together to paint Mandanas in public areas.”
Originally word Mandana means drawing in the context of Chitra Mandana or drawing a picture. Mandana is derived from the word Mandan which implies decoration and beautification. In past ages, these historical paintings were done by women of the Meena community as decorations for special or festive occasions. As they were drawn for spiritual purposes the drawing usually contains the images of the main deity of the festival.
“Many of the other patterns seen in the Mandana paintings are also reminiscent of the designs of the altars of Vedic yagna, the vastu purasha mandalas and the floor plans of temples from the days of yore.”
There is a specific process of making this art form. First of all the floor is plastered with clay, which is the most important element of this art along with the mixture of cow dung and water. The pictures are drawn onto the wall or floor using traditional tools such as a brush made of a date twig, a clump of hair and cotton. Once the concept is drawn then they are filled with color. The color combination of this art is white and red and is chosen specifically because they are easily available in the community’s natural surroundings. White paint or khadiya is made of chalk while the red paint or geru is made of brick