Dabu Printing is an ancient hand block printing technique which derives from the land of Rajasthan. This printing is purely labor intensive and involves several steps and stages of printing and Dyeing. The Dabu printing fabrics have their own charm and extraordinary beauty which is appreciated around the world.
Origin and history of Dabu printing:
The art of block painting is said to have originated from China. Later It traveled to Rajasthan, which becomes the most prolific producer of Rajasthani Handicrafts. Dabu printing is a special variation of Mud resists printing, whose origin can be traced about 675 A.D. In present scenario it is acknowledged in the village of Akola, in the Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan.
This style of printing is often grouped with other traditional Rajasthani Handicrafts like Sanganeri & Bagru. It is also said to be very similar to Batik print, but yet the process involved is very different.
The designs and motifs of Dabu Printing are very similar to the traditional Rajasthani designs. They are inspired by nature alignments like plants, birds, flowers, fruits and artistic ethnic motifs which really look beautiful.
The process of Dabu Printing:
The process of making is very interesting and involves many workers for different stages. In a first step, the fabric received from the mills is carefully washed to remove impurities. The motifs and designs are meticulously and painstakingly hand printed on to the fabric using blocks which are dipped into fast dyes.
Next step involves the process of mud resisting, which makes this print so unique and beautiful. The mud is pate is made from ingredients like mud, gum, lime and waste wheat chaff are combined. After that, the paste is dried by sprinkling sawdust. This covering dust protects these parts of the fabric from the dye used, later on, creating a unique and colorful effect.fabric is spread out in sun, and later dipped into a vat of dye and then again left for drying. And, finally given a thorough washing to remove the paste and any excess dye. Then the beautiful Rajasthani Handicraft is made.
After that fabric is spread out in sun, and later dipped into a vat of dye and then again left for drying. And, finally given a thorough washing to remove the paste and any excess dye. And this is how this beautiful Rajasthani Handicraft is made.
Today Dabu Printing can be seen on various objects like apparels, furnishing sometimes wall hangings etc. This a very beautiful part of Rajasthani Handicrafts which really look beautiful and mesmerizing.