Batik print is an ancient art in which wax is used to create a mesmerizing design on the fabric. The term batik derives from word ‘Ambatik’ which means a piece of cloth with small dots or drawing in broken lines or writing with wax. This art and the designs drawn by Batik print is adored worldwide. This printing technique basically involves three steps- Waxing, Dyeing & Scraping.
History of Batik :
The roots of this print in India was traced around 1st century AD. But later on, the Khatri Community of Gujarat was the only successor of this art. After a period Batik got relegated to the background of India. It is also believed that the designs of this print come from the artisans of Cholamandalam near Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
Technique Of Batik Print :
This print is a three-step print. The process involves several subprocesses like preparing of cloth, tracing the designs, stretching of cloth then removing the wax etc. Vats of hot wax slowly steaming on gas burners stand alongside large sand covered tables, on which the animation of wax lines would take place. Sand is sprinkled on the base so that the cloth does not stick the surface.
After that wax designs are made on the fabric By using various methods. Sometimes the wooden stencils are used to etch the design. Another method used is the splash technique in which the wax is splashed over the fabric in a random fashion and then the dye is poured. This results in a virtual explosion of random designs and colors.
Another method is hand painting method in which the technique of kalamkari is used and through a device, the prints are drawn on the fabric. After that, the dying is done and then to remove the wax the cloth is boiled in hot water. The common batik fabrics that make for excellent batik prints are cambric, poplin, voiles, and pure silk are used.
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