Rajasthan is the colorful state of India. The colors of culture can also be seen in the Rajasthani Handicrafts. With a rich cultural background and royal history of Rajasthan, this state has a lot more to showoff and one of them is Bandhani artwork. Bandhani is a type of tie-dye textile printing technique which revolves around a beautiful history and transformation.
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Bandhani was also known as Bandhej is a tie and dye method practiced mainly in Rajasthan. It is the eternal part of Rajasthani Handicrafts which is adored all over the world. Some of the work of Bandhani is also done in parts of Gujarat & Uttar Pradesh. These Rajasthani handicrafts got its name from a Sanskrit word Banda which means “to tie”. This art involves dyeing a fabric tied tightly with a thread at several points, producing a variety of patterns.
The Glorious History of Bandhani – An eternal charm of Rajasthani Handicrafts
This pretty art form of Rajasthani Handicrafts began about 5000 years. According to history, the first Bandhini Saree was worn on the occasion of marriage at Bana Bhatt`s Harshacharita. The visual representation of this art form can also be seen in the caves of Ajanta.
In India, the Bandhani work was started by the Khatri Community of Gujarat. Jaipur, Sikar, Bhilwara, Udaipur, Bikaner, Ajmer of Rajasthan & Jamnagar in Gujarat is the main hub of this Art. This is mainly done on the fabric which is latterly used for various purposes. In the market, you can see this art from Sarees to Bed sheets.
Beautiful Process of Bandhani Art Work:
Rajasthani Handicraft’s Bandhani artwork involves a fabric dying process with different colors and prints. Although there are many techniques which are used by different locals but one of the common techniques is tie & dye. Firstly the fabric which has to dyed is tied very tightly to different positions. Then these tied positions are in knots with extraordinary colors.
After that, the cloth is then sent for dyeing. Then these threads or knots don’t let that part catch color & allows it to stay white or whatever color the cloth has. After the cloth is dyed, it is left for drying in open air. Then After that, the threads or knots are then open and later the cloth is ironed. Earlier this art form was done by single tribe only but now many of the artisans skilled this art.
Different Styles of Bandhani; the worldwide famous art of Rajasthani Handicrafts
These beautiful “Rajasthani Handicrafts” comes in a variety of designs, patterns, and colors. Most of the time red, green, yellow, blue colors are used in this. Bandhani work results into a variety of symbols including dots, waves, strips, and squares. The patterns include Leheriya, Mothra, Ekdali, and Shikari depending on the manner in which the cloth has been tied.
Rather then apparels, there are many more things where you can see this traditional form of Rajasthani Handicrafts. Bed Sheets, pillow covers, wall hangings, mates etc have this beautiful ti and dye print which you can use in your adornment. Earlier it used to be only apparels but nowadays this art can be seen on anything.